CANADIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM
Education in Canada is under the complete jurisdiction of the provinces and territories (States) and as such, there is no Federal (Central) education system in Canada. In keeping with the national commitment to education, public education in Canada is free up to and including secondary school (12th Std), in all the provinces. At the post-secondary level, institutions are divided into community colleges and universities. A signi?cant number of university graduates attend college upon completion of their degree in order to acquire vocational skills for employment.
The degrees & diplomas from Canadian Institutions are among the most widely-recognized in the world. The education system in Canada encompasses both public funded & private institutions. Students have a diverse choice from 92 Universities &175 Community Colleges offering a wide array of programs.
Post secondary education is offered by four types of educational institutions:
Technical / Career Colleges
Community Colleges & Technical Institutes
TYPES OF CERTIFICATION
Post Secondary Certificate
Can be done after class 12th. It is usually of one year duration.
Diploma/ Advanced Diploma
Can either be done after Class 12th or a Diploma after 10th in India. They provide an option of co-op work term which gives the student an opportunity to gain practical experience. These work terms can be paid or unpaid. The duration of the programs would be 2 or 3 years.
Are awarded by Universities / University Colleges / Community Colleges after 3* or 4 years of full-time study and can lead to graduate level studies.
Fast Track/ Accelerated programs
Are meant for Bachelors Degree or Diploma holders and the duration could be from 1 - 2 years in a specailized skill aimed at employability.
Post Graduate Diplomas/ Certificates
These programs are awarded by some universities and most colleges and may have work terms which provide opportunities to gain practical experience along with theoretical studies. A typical co-op term lasts 12 to 17 weeks. The prerequisites to enroll in these programs is a Bachelors Degree or an Undergraduate Diploma.
Is an option for Bachelors Degree holders, graduates who have an interest in further learning and research, and those who want to broaden their career possibilities. It is for 1 or 2 years of duration and can be pursued after 4 years of Bachelors degree. Some PG diplomas / certi?cates from Canada may allow credits towards Masters degrees.
Doctorate or PhD
PhD Is a degree ranking above the Masters Degree and generally requires 3 to 7 years to complete.